REACH Regulation (EC) No1907/2006: 3 main principles
The REACH Regulation (EC 1907/2006) imposes the Registration, Evaluation and Authorisation of manufactured CHemicals, imported or used on the European market. REACH rationalises and improves the previous European regulatory framework on chemicals.
REACH is at the origin of the creation of the European Chemicals Agency, ECHA, which is a European institution dedicated to the implementation of this ambitious legislation.
REACH rests upon three main principles:
« No data, no market »
Any chemical that has not been registered or authorised by ECHA cannot be used.
Precautionary Principle: the company is responsible
Thanks to REACH, the industry is responsible for assessing and managing risks caused by chemicals. The industry also has to provide relevant safety information to users.
Traceability & Communication
Every actor of the supply chain must communicate, exchange and transmit necessary information both up and down the supply chain.
In practical terms
More than 30,000 substances, are affected by REACH: they can be used directly, in a preparation or in articles. Consequently, all industry sectors are concerned: chemical, electrical, automotive, textile, etc.
Substance manufacturers and importers are affected by REACH as they have to elaborate and submit the registration dossier (laboratory tests, data gathering from downstream users, etc.) to ECHA.
Distributors and downstream users also have to check their REACH compliance.
The whole supply chain is involved, with the exception of waste collectors and consumers.
REACH Registration dossier
Every registrant has to prepare a technical registration dossier gathering data on the substance and its uses: physicochemical, toxicological and ecotoxicological properties.
For chemicals above 10 tonnes a year, REACH asks for a Chemical Safety Report, which includes exposure scenarios and a risk assessment.
In force since 2007, REACH covered 11 years with three main steps for registration :
for substances above 1,000 tonnes a year and hazardous substances
for substances between 100 and 1,000 tonnes a year
for substances between 1 and 100 tonnes a year